There are many speeches about artificial intelligence, and at the same time, there is the term machine learning. And you ask yourself what is the difference between these two? Is there any difference?
Do they not mean the same thing?
No, there is a difference between these two terms. Even Machine Learning isn’t the first step to artificial intelligence. The definition by Wikipedia is as follow:
“Artificial intelligence (AI, also machine intelligence, MI) is Intelligence displayed by machines, in contrast with the natural intelligence (NI) displayed by humans and other animals.”
Some people say we already have artificial intelligence, others say we are far away from artificial intelligence. For this, you have to know, that artificial intelligence supports independent thinking and independent decision, without asking a human.
In contrast, machine learning is already in abundant use today. For example, there are view machines learning models, and they support handwriting recognition or face recognition in images. The machine learning model handles only a small recognition task, like speech recognition.
For the machine learning model, there is the user’s input, as an image, and then you have the output from the machine learning model, like a classification.
Artificial intelligence judges over situations and makes decisions, that’s the reason why we should focus more on ethical questions about artificial intelligence than on machine learning.
Recently I read the book “Origin” from Dan Brown, which he published on the 3rd of October 2017. First, I definitely would recommend reading the book. The crime thriller is the fifth in the “Robert Langdon Series”, from the USA, it is about an important message to the public from the protagonist Edmond Kirsch, about to get murdered during his presentation. Regarding his friends, his message gets public. The messages should get the maximum reach of humans. The artificial intelligence “Winston” developed by Edmond Kirsch helps him, but with his actual aim, he sends a hitman to murder Edmond Kirsch. The publication reached millions of humans, thanks to the show staged by “Winston”.
The result is that the protagonist has to die for this. This thriller raises the ethical question, should artificial intelligence be allowed to murder?